Fiction Writing: Most Popular Articles
A definition of the literary term third person omniscient point of view as defined for fiction writers.
A definition of the literary term third person limited point of view for writers of short stories and novels. In third person limited, the narrator reveals the thoughts of only a single character.
A definition of the term third person point of view as it applies to the craft of fiction writing. Third person point of view may be limited or omniscient.
Round characters, flat characters, stock characters . . . learn about all the different kinds of characters and what they mean for you as a writer and a reader.
These simple rules and obvious pitfalls are good to keep in mind when writing dialogue that advances the action of the story and builds the characters.
Provides the absolute essentials for punctuating dialogue: the details that most clearly mark a beginner from a professional.
Creating complex, well-rounded characters takes time -- time spent thinking about how your characters look, where they're from, and what motivates them, for instance. The questions on this page provide structure to this all-important thought process.
Chances are good that the characters you've most loved or appreciated in fiction are round characters. Find out what makes a round character dynamic and how you can create your own round characters here.
The mystery, more than other genres, tends to follow standard rules, making it both easier and harder for the mystery writers. Whether you end up following them or breaking them, it's important to at least know what they are.
: A flat character is a minor character in a work of fiction who does not undergo substantial change
A definition of the literary term first person point of view as used by fiction writers.
As a writer, you must choose which point of view will allow you to most effectively develop your characters and tell your story, but how do you make that crucial decision?
: Voice has two meanings as it concerns creative writers: Voice is the author's style , the quality that
A definition of the literary term second person point of view as defined for fiction writers.
The truth about where great story ideas come from and how you can learn to generate more of them than you could ever use.
A figurative language definition for creative writers, students, and teachers from About.com's guide to fiction writing.
To write a short story successfully, a number of elements have to come into play. Read about each of these elements and learn how to employ them in your short stories.
If you're still a little confused about what third person writing looks like in prose, learn from these classic fiction examples.
: A theme is the central idea or ideas explored by a literary work. John Gardner puts it this way: "By
In a rut with the first person? It's common for beginning writers to avoid writing in the third person initially, but some stories benefit from the freedom it allows you. This exercise will help you rewrite a story in the third person.
Looking to start submitting your fiction to literary magazines, but unsure of where to begin? These ten journals are prefect for beginning the process. All are well-respected, but also open to work by new authors.
Submitting creative writing for publication is not that different from applying for a job. You want to put your best, most professional foot forward, starting with your cover letter. How do you achieve this?
The protagonist is the main character in a story, novel, drama, or other literary work, the character that the reader or audience empathizes with. The antagonist opposes the protagonist. In the most simple narratives, this boils down to bad guy vs. good guy: Luke Skywalker versus Darth Vadar.
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: Style, to a fiction writer, is basically the way you write, as opposed to what you write about (though
Most writers have trouble with writer's block at some point in their careers. Fortunately, there are many ways to start writing again.
Founded in 1925 by Harold Ross, the New Yorker continues to be one of the most venerated publishers of short fiction. As such, it has helped make the career of writers such as John Updike, Haruki Murakami, Raymond Carver, Janet Frame, Salman Rushdie, and Alice Munro.
Definition of the word character as used by writers of novels, short stories, and other fictional works.
Learn how to publish short stories in journals and magazines, from formating your work to weathering rejection.
A quick, fun writing exercise to help you come up with a ton of story ideas in no time.
: Static characters are minor characters in a work of fiction who do not undergo substantial change or
If you're not sure what to write for the short bio in your cover letter to a literary journal -- perhaps because you don't have any publications yet -- these samples from published writers will get you started.
The hardest part about writing is finding original short story ideas. These exercises and prompts will give you a jumping-off point to get unstuck.
Need a starting point for your creative writing session? Try these creative writing prompts.
Chances are good that the characters you've most loved or appreciated in fiction are dynamic, or round, characters. Find out what makes them dynamic and how you can create your own dynamic characters here.
There are no hard and fast rules for getting from first draft to bookstore shelf, but these tips on how to write a novel will help you find your way.
How to craft and deliver a killer pitch of your novel that will have them begging to read it.
Metaphor examples are easy to find, both in great literature (and not-so-great literature) and in everyday speech. These examples of both will help you make the most of this writing tool.
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Finding a literary agent can be one of the hardest steps in getting your book published. This how-to breaks the process of finding an agent into manageable tasks.
Definition of the literary term, symbol, as used by writers, and in literature and art.
The term magic realism describes contemporary fiction, often from Latin America or the third world, whose narrative blends magical or fantastical elements with reality. Magic realist writers include Gabriel García Márquez, Alejo Carpentier, and Isabel Allende.
: Point of view is the perspective from which a story is told; the narrator's position in relation to
An antagonist is one of the central characters in a piece of fiction, key in providing a source of conflict upon which the plot may turn.
For the 50th anniversary of Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird, we're taking a look at the author's life and her most important work.
If you're going to commit years of your life to a project, you obviously want to be sure that it's worth it. So how do you know if your idea is novel worthy? A few questions will help you decide.
While some writers have absorbed or were born with a sense of how to tell a story effectively, most study the elements of plot and pay serious attention to how to successfully construct a narrative. Here's what to keep in mind.
Stock characters draw from widely known cultural types for their characteristics and mannerisms, and are often used in parody. Every culture has its own set of stock characters.
Avi's Background: Avi was born Edward Irving Wortis in 1937 in New York City and was raised in Brooklyn,
Your writing style evolves naturally over time through reading and writing, but here is a list of things to keep in mind as you develop it.
An allusion definition for creative writers, students, and teachers from About.com's guide to fiction writing.
: Plot concerns the organization of the main events of a work of fiction. Plot differs from story in
Metaphor and simile are the two most common examples of figurative language, but figurative language also includes other types. Read more here.
Are you a teenager or pre-teen who's ready to publish your work? Magazines from Stone Soup to Teen Ink are taking work from young writers now.
Does your fiction tend to get bogged down in back story? Are you unsure of how to stay in the present with a piece? This exercise will help you learn to create forward-moving fiction.
Action scenes aren't just for espionage or fantasy novels: almost every story will have some sequences in which the characters are doing things. How do you get the action right? These tips will help.
Many writers swear that setting is the most important element of any fictional work -- that story and character grow out of setting. Here, you will devote some time reflecting on your story's setting.
Choose one of these photographs as a writing prompt for your next free writing session. By using an image you did not take, you are more likely to free associate.
Spending just a little time on metaphors and similes can spur you to make better use of them in your writing. This exercise designed for poets works for fiction writers as well.
: Mystery is a genre of fiction in which a detective, either an amateur or a professional, solves a crime
When used correctly, metaphors are effective fiction writing tools, but like most literary devices, metaphors bomb when used incorrectly. Learn about the two most common traps to avoid when using metaphors in your fiction writing.
Pictures, and especially photographs, carry with them implicit narratives, making them ideal writing prompts for generating new short story ideas.
Keep up with short story contest deadlines with these monthly calendars, and find information on fellowships and residencies.
: A bildungsroman is a novel that traces the development of a character from childhood to adulthood,
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Freewriting is one of the best tools for generating short story ideas. It is a simple writing exercise that can be done anywhere and requires a minimum of time. The only thing free writing does require, in fact, is a pen and paper. Even the willingness to let go is provided by the exercise.
Used correctly, metaphors can be a powerful tool for fiction writers. Used incorrectly, however, metaphors only confuse and distract your reader.
How do you know if a short story is really a novel? These six signs will help you evaluate whether or not to expand your short story into a novel.
: An episodic novel is a narrative composed of loosely connected incidents, each one more or less self-contained,
When you're ready to publish your novel, you'll want to start with the big publishing companies: Random House, Penguin, Simon & Schuster, etc. Learn a little bit about each one before you start this process.
Almost everyone could use a little help in filling a blank page from time to time. Use these story starters, contributed by readers, to launch your writing session.
Figures of speech are imaginative, non-literal ways of using language that will make your prose stronger and more effective when used properly.
If you think you don't have time to write, think again. See what you can produce with a simple set of writing prompts and ten minutes of your time with this creative writing exercise.
: The detective story is a genre of fiction in which a detective, either an amateur or a professional,
Are you starting out with the process of submitting work to literary magazines and journals? The first step is familiarizing yourself with the market. This list will help you begin.
Before you show your story to anyone, make sure that you've caught at least the obvious spelling and grammar mistakes using this comprehensive editing checklist.
A different way of examining theme in fiction and how knowing yours can improve your writing.
: Strictly speaking, an epistolary novel is a novel whose story is told through a series of letters.
The idea of writing a “short bio” to go along with their submission to a literary journal can be daunting. This is what editors are looking for.
Many writers struggle with description, but it's a necessary element of vivid prose. How can you add description to your writing? These tips will help you get details on the page.
: A climax is a moment of great intensity in the plot of a literary work, generally bringing events to
Sometimes the hardest part of writing is coming up with something to write about. These exercises and writing prompts will help you generate new short story ideas.
With so many books for writers out there -- particularly for the beginning writer -- it can be hard to know where to start. These reviews of some classic and recent books for writers will help you decide which ones are right for you.
This creative writing exercise begins with a description prompt and then leads writers through a series of seemingly unrelated steps, resulting in original and surprising associations.
Want to learn how to write better? If you have a willingness to work at it, you can learn to write anything, including fiction. Start by reviewing these basic components.
We don't have to look very far to find examples of metaphor . From expressions like "raining cats and
For most of us, making time to write will always be something of a struggle. With friends and family, financial obligations, and emotional issues all vying for our attention, it takes determination to make a writing schedule and stick to it. I've come to the conclusion that there is no easy answer, but there are concrete things we can do to make time to write.
The definition of story, as a literary term, is the full sequence of events as we imagine them to have taken place, in their natural order and duration.
While modifiers -- adjectives and adverbs -- can add to a story, too many, or the wrong ones, can bog down your prose and lead to weaker nouns and verbs. This writing exercise, by forcing you to hold off on modifiers altogether, will challenge you to choose your nouns and verbs more carefully.
Conflict is the heart of any plot. The conflict can be between the protagonist and another character, the antagonist; between the protagonist and nature; or the protagonist and society. It can also be an internal or psychological conflict.
: Dialogue is a conversational passage in a narrative or play used to advance the plot or develop the
Begun in 2004 by Harvard student Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook can do more than connect you with long lost friends: for many writers, it's an essential PR tool. Find out why you should have a Facebook page and learn how to set it up.
How do you make fiction read like non-fiction? How can you make your fiction believable? Advice for writers.
Having trouble selecting gifts for writers in your life? Want something that shows support, but is more creative than a generic pen and pencil set? With a little thought, you can choose a gift that your friend will cherish. This guide will help you get started.
: A simultaneous submission is the submission of the same short story or other piece of writing to more
A quarterly magazine, American Short Fiction strives to discover and publish new fiction in which transformations of language, narrative, and character occur swiftly, deftly, and unexpectedly. This profile provides all the information you need to submit your work to ASF.
Simile, like metaphor, is a type of figurative language used by fiction writers to convey an image or idea to the reader.
Personification, a common figure of speech along with simile and metaphor, is used in prose and poetry as well as in everyday speech.
Let the story unfold naturally when writing dialogue. You don't have to let the reader know everything up front, and you can trust the reader to remember details from earlier in the story.
Advice for writers on when and how to choose a genre to write in.
While books on writing have a lot to say about the writing process, many valuable skills and strategies can be learned by studying the work -- as well as the lives -- of writers you admire. Writing fiction is a complex process: it requires a suitably nuanced course of study. In the same way, the answers to many questions about how to lead a writer's life can be found in the examples set by successful writers.
If you're ready to try small presses with your novel, these profiles will give you an idea of what each press is like and how best to approach them.
Tips for choosing an MFA program in fiction writing.
: The denouement refers to the resolution of the complications of a plot in a work of fiction, generally
Famous for attracting writers and infamous for exorbitant rents, New York City has more writers' rooms than any other American city. The Writers Room created the model when it opened in Manhattan in 1978, and similar spaces have sprung up in the city since then, offering space and community to the city's many writers.
With regard to writing a novel, there's no one-size-fits-all approach, which is why we decided to ask our readers for their advice on how to write a novel. Our article on the topic offers one perspective, but it wouldn't strike home with everyone, at least not for all aspects of the process.
Your first draft of a story may be messy, with a lot of unnecessary words and phrases. You'll probably
Since 1992, The Artist's Way, Julia Cameron's guide to achieving a more creative life, has helped countless artists and writers to uncover the reasons for their creative block and then implement a habit to overcome it.
Veering too much from "he said/she said" only draws attention to the tags. While readers tend to read
If you're a fan of English-language literature, few places are as full of literary landmarks as London, home to everyone from Shakespeare and Milton to Virginia Woolf and T.S. Eliot. This literary London tour points out just a few of the many places where you can commune with your literary heroes.
Before beginning the process of trying to get your fiction published, it's important to know whether or not you're ready. These five questions will help you evaluate whether or not you're ready to embark on that stage of your writing life.
No matter what stage you're at with your writing, it's always beneficial to work on craft and technique. These creative writing exercises target common problems and weaknesses.
The possible reasons for writer's block are myriad: fear and anxiety, a life change, the end of a project, the beginning of a project, harsh criticism, big success…almost anything, it seems, can cause writer's block. Fortunately, there are just as many ways to beat it.
Tools, tips and techniques to write fiction faster than you ever have before.
Find information on writing contests for the month of May, including website urls, contest deadlines, and fees.
Francine Prose's Reading Like a Writer: A Guide for People Who Love Books and For Those Who Want to Write Them instructs writers in the art of close reading, showing them how it can help them improve their own work.
: Though the OED says that a chapbook is "a modern name applied by book-collectors and others" to literature
Jeanette Perez offers writers seeking to get their novels and short story collections published advice culled from her time in the editorial department of HarperCollins Publishers.
Though an epigraph may also be found marking buildings or monuments, they have a specific function with regard to creative writing.
Whatever you think of her books, Stephenie Meyer has built the kind of devoted fan base other writers only dream of. What can we learn from Stephenie Meyer in writing our own books?
A review of Stephen King's book, On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft, a funny and practical look at the secrets behind King's prolific career.
Kris Saknussemm, author of Zanesville: A Novel, offers his advice on making it as a novelist.
For many writers, writing natural-sounding dialogue is one of the hardest parts. This little exercise helps you develop an ear for the way that people really talk.
Before you can begin to query literary agents, you first have to know a few things about them. A little research will help you address them professionally and ensure that you get reliable representation.
An interview with Daniel Handler, the man behind the popular Lemony Snicket books, A Series of Unfortunate Events, which follow the orphans Violet, Klaus, and Sunny Baudelaire, and author of three books for adult readers.
These examples illustrate how to ground your dialogue in the physical world with action and description.
This imaginative exercise inspired by one in Julia Cameron's The Right to Write, encourages writers to listen for story ideas.
While you can't catch every mistake yourself, this revision checklist will help you make sure you've checked your work for the obvious pitfalls before sharing it with someone else.
It's sometimes hard to come up with original short story ideas. This game involving secrets helps writing students discover new inspirations for their short stories.
Euphemisms, used in dialogue, can be helpful tools for the creative writer. This definition will help you make better use of them.
While writers are often told to build their platforms as soon as possible, it's not immediately obvious what that means. This article will run down the major components of a solid writer's platform and how to get started building yours.
: Hyperbole, a type of figure of speech , uses exaggeration or overstatement for emphasis. Mark Twain
: A pun is a play on words, often humorous, that uses words that have similar or identical sounds but
An idea box is one way to ensure that you always have a stock of ideas for your creative writing.
What do you do when you don't have adequate writing space? Ideally we'd all have that room of our own, but sometimes that's just not an option. But space should never keep you from writing. Read here for suggestions on how to overcome space issues.
Since the Writers Room opened in Manhattan in 1978 to provide urban writers with a place to write, a number of similar spaces have opened up around the U.S. and abroad. Though it doesn't guarantee the proverbial room of one's own, it does offer a cubicle and some community.
Calendar listing writing contests, awards, fellowships, and residencies with April deadlines. Information includes website urls, contest deadlines, and fees.
In action writing, the pacing of your writing is part of what conveys the action. What does this mean? Find out with this example.
Definition of the literary term, hard-boiled detective novel, for writers of mystery and detective fiction. Hard-boiled detective novels typically feature a professional detective as opposed to an amateur sleuth.
Conflict is the basis of plot; without conflict there's no growth or change. In short, there's no story. What do you need to know about conflict as a writer?
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A teacher of mine once used this creative writing prompt with good results. In it, you use a common phrase to jumpstart a freewriting session -- and hopefully a story or poem.
The query letter is your one-page chance to win over a literary agent. How can you be sure you're getting it right? This list of dos and don'ts will help you strike the right tone.
These creative writing prompts encourage you to delve into two of the most fertile topics for writing. Spend some time writing today -- it only takes a few minutes to get started.
Middle-grade novelist Berniece L. contributed this example of a cover letter she sent for her first novel.
The Claremont Review publishes high-quality poetry, short stories, and short plays by writers aged 13-19. Learn more about submitting your creative writing to them.
Having trouble with description? It's something most writers have to work at. This writing exercise gives you the opportunity to practice this aspect of craft.